How is a Pterygium diagnosed?
Dr. Keulder may diagnose this condition based on a physical examination using a slit lamp.
This lamp allows him to see your eye with the help of magnification and bright lighting.
If Dr. Keulder needs to do additional tests, they may include:
Visual acuity test. This test involves reading letters on an eye chart.
Corneal topography. This technique is used to measure curvature changes in your cornea.
Photo documentation. This procedure involves taking pictures to track the growth rate of the pterygium.
A pterygium usually doesn’t require any treatment unless it’s blocking your vision or causing severe discomfort.
Dr. Keulder might want to check your eyes occasionally to see if the growth is causing vision problems.
Medications. If the pterygium is causing a lot of irritation or redness, Dr. Keulder may prescribe eye drops or eye ointments that contain corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.
Surgery. Dr. Keulder may recommend surgery to remove the pterygium if eye drops or ointments don’t provide relief. Surgery is also done when a pterygium causes a loss of vision or a condition called astigmatism, which can result in blurry vision. You can also discuss surgical procedures with Dr. Keulder if you want the pterygium removed for cosmetic reasons.
There are a couple of risks associated with these operations. In some cases, a pterygium can return after being surgically removed. Your eye might also feel dry and irritated after surgery. Dr. Keulder can prescribe medications to provide relief and reduce the risk of having a pterygium grow back.
If possible, avoid exposure to environmental factors that can cause a pterygium. You can help prevent the development of a pterygium by wearing sunglasses or a hat to shield your eyes from sunlight, wind, and dust. Your sunglasses should also provide protection from the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. If you already have a pterygium, limiting your exposure to wind, dust, pollen, smoke, and sunlight can slow its growth. Avoiding these conditions can also help prevent pterygiums from coming back if you’ve had any removed.